DOGMATIC CONSTITUTION ON THE CHURCH
SOLEMNLY PROMULGATED BY HIS HOLINESS
POPE PAUL VI
ON NOVEMBER 21, 1964 L
1. Christ is the Light of nations.
Because this is so, this Sacred Synod gathered together in the Holy Spirit eagerly desires, by proclaiming the Gospel to every creature,(1) to bring the light of Christ to all men, a light brightly visible on the countenance of the Church. Since the Church is in Christ like a sacrament or as a sign and instrument both of a very closely knit union with God and of the unity of the whole human race, it desires now to unfold more fully to the faithful of the Church and to the whole world its own inner nature and universal mission. This it intends to do following faithfully the teaching of previous councils. The present-day conditions of the world add greater urgency to this work of the Church so that all men, joined more closely today by various social, technical and cultural ties, might also attain fuller unity in Christ.
2. The eternal Father, by a free and hidden plan of His own wisdom and goodness,
created the whole world. His plan was to raise men to a participation of the divine life. Fallen in Adam, God the Father did not leave men to themselves, but ceaselessly offered helps to salvation, in view of Christ, the Redeemer “who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature”.(2) All the elect, before time began, the Father “foreknew and pre- destined to become conformed to the image of His Son, that he should be the firstborn among many brethren”.(3) He planned to assemble in the holy Church all those who would believe in Christ. Already from the beginning of the world the foreshadowing of the Church took place. It was prepared in a remarkable way throughout the history of the people of Israel and by means of the Old Covenant.(1*) In the present era of time the Church was constituted and, by the outpouring of the Spirit, was made manifest. At the end of time it will gloriously achieve completion, when, as is read in the Fathers, all the just, from Adam and “from Abel, the just one, to the last of the elect,”(2*) will be gathered together with the Father in the universal Church.
3. The Son, therefore, came, sent by the Father.
It was in Him, before the foundation of the world, that the Father chose us and predestined us to become adopted sons, for in Him it pleased the Father to re-establish all things.(4) To carry out the will of the Father, Christ inaugurated the Kingdom of heaven on earth and revealed to us the mystery of that kingdom. By His obedience He brought about redemption. The Church, or, in other words, the kingdom of Christ now present in mystery, grows visibly through the power of God in the world. This inauguration and this growth are both symbolized by the blood and water which flowed from the open side of a crucified Jesus,(5) and are foretold in the words of the Lord referring to His death on the Cross: “And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all things to myself”.(6) As often as the sacrifice of the cross in which Christ our Passover was sacrificed, is celebrated on the altar, the work of our redemption is carried on, and, in the sacrament of the Eucharistic bread, the unity of all believers who form one body in Christ (8) is both expressed and brought about. All men are called to this union with Christ, who is the light of the world, from whom we go forth, through whom we live, and toward whom our whole life strains.
4. When the work which the Father gave the Son to do on earth (9)
was accomplished, the Holy Spirit was sent on the day of Pentecost in order that He might continually sanctify the Church, and thus, all those who believe would have access through Christ in one Spirit to the Father.(10) He is the Spirit of Life, a fountain of water springing up to life eternal.(11) To men, dead in sin, the Father gives life through Him, until, in Christ, He brings to life their mortal bodies.(12) The Spirit dwells in the Church and in the hearts of the faithful, as in a temple.(13) In them He prays on their behalf and bears witness to the fact that they are adopted sons.(14) The Church, which the Spirit guides in way of all truth(15) and which He unified in communion and in works of ministry, He both equips and directs with hierarchical and charismatic gifts and adorns with His fruits.(16) By the power of the Gospel He makes the Church keep the freshness of youth. Uninterruptedly He renews it and leads it to perfect union with its Spouse. (3*) The Spirit and the Bride both say to Jesus, the Lord, “Come!”(17) Thus, the Church has been seen as “a people made one with the unity of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.”(4*)
5. The mystery of the holy Church is manifest in its very foundation.
The Lord Jesus set it on its course by preaching the Good News, that is, the coming of the Kingdom of God, which, for centuries, had been promised in the Scriptures: “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand”(18). In the word, in the works, and in the presence of Christ, this kingdom was clearly open to the view of men. The Word of the Lord is compared to a seed which is sown in a field;(19) those who hear the Word with faith and become part of the little flock of Christ,(20) have received the Kingdom itself. Then, by its own power the seed sprouts and grows until harvest time.(21) The Miracles of Jesus also confirm that the Kingdom has already arrived on earth: “If I cast out devils by the finger of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you”.(22) Before all things, however, the Kingdom is clearly visible in the very Person of Christ, the Son of God and the Son of Man, who came “to serve and to give His life as a ransom for many:”(23)
When Jesus, who had suffered the death of the cross for mankind, had risen, He appeared as the one constituted as Lord, Christ and eternal Priest,(24) and He poured out on His disciples the Spirit promised by the Father.(25) From this source the Church, equipped with the gifts of its Founder and faithfully guarding His precepts of charity, humility and self-sacrifice, receives the mission to proclaim and to spread among all peoples the Kingdom of Christ and of God and to be, on earth, the initial budding forth of that kingdom. While it slowly grows, the Church strains toward the completed Kingdom and, with all its strength, hopes and desires to be united in glory with its King.
6. In the old Testament the revelation of the Kingdom is often conveyed by means of metaphors.
In the same way the inner nature of the Church is now made known to us in different images taken either from tending sheep or cultivating the land, from building or even from family life and betrothals, the images receive preparatory shaping in the books of the Prophets.
The Church is a sheepfold whose one and indispensable door is Christ.(26) It is a flock of which God Himself foretold He would be the shepherd,(27) and whose sheep, although ruled by human shepherds; are nevertheless continuously led and nourished by Christ Himself, the Good Shepherd and the Prince of the shepherds,(28) who gave His life for the sheep.(29)
The Church is a piece of land to be cultivated, the tillage of God.(30) On that land the ancient olive tree grows whose holy roots were the Prophets and in which the reconciliation of Jews and Gentiles has been brought about and will be brought about.(31) That land, like a choice vineyard, has been planted by the heavenly Husbandman.(32) The true vine is Christ who gives life and the power to bear abundant fruit to the branches, that is, to us, who through the Church remain in Christ without whom we can do nothing.(33)
Often the Church has also been called the building of God.(34) The Lord Himself compared Himself to the stone which the builders rejected, but which was made into the cornerstone.(35) On this foundation the Church is built by the apostles,(36) and from it the Church receives durability and consolidation. This edifice has many names to describe it: the house of God (37) in which dwells His family; the household of God in the Spirit;(38) the dwelling place of God among men;(39) and, especially, the holy temple. This Temple, symbolized in places of worship built out of stone, is praised by the Holy Fathers and, not without reason, is compared in the liturgy to the Holy City, the New Jerusalem (5*). As living stones we here on earth are built into it.(40) John contemplates this holy city coming down from heaven at the renewal of the world as a bride made ready and adorned for her husband.(41)
The Church, further, “that Jerusalem which is above” is also called “our mother”.(42) It is described as the spotless spouse of the spotless Lamb,(43) whom Christ “loved and for whom He delivered Himself up that He might sanctify her”,(44) whom He unites to Himself by an unbreakable covenant, and whom He unceasingly “nourishes and cherishes”,(45) and whom, once purified, He willed to be cleansed and joined to Himself, subject to Him in love and fidelity,(46) and whom, finally, He filled with heavenly gifts for all eternity, in order that we may know the love of God and of Christ for us, a love which surpasses all knowledge.(47) The Church, while on earth it journeys in a foreign land away from the Lord,(48) is like in exile. It seeks and experiences those things which are above, where Christ is seated at the right-hand of God, where the life of the Church is hidden with Christ in God until it appears in glory with its Spouse.(49)
7. In the human nature united to Himself the Son of God,
by overcoming death through His own death and resurrection, redeemed man and re-molded him into a new creation.(50) By communicating His Spirit, Christ made His brothers, called together from all nations, mystically the components of His own Body.
In that Body the life of Christ is poured into the believers who, through the sacraments, are united in a hidden and real way to Christ who suffered and was glorified.(6*) Through Baptism we are formed in the likeness of Christ: “For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body”.(51) In this sacred rite a oneness with Christ’s death and resurrection is both symbolized and brought about: “For we were buried with Him by means of Baptism into death”; and if “we have been united with Him in the likeness of His death, we shall be so in the likeness of His resurrection also”.(52) Really partaking of the body of the Lord in the breaking of the Eucharistic bread, we are taken up into communion with Him and with one another. “Because the bread is one, we though many, are one body, all of us who partake of the one bread”.(53) In this way all of us are made members of His Body,(54) “but severally members one of another”.(55)
As all the members of the human body, though they are many, form one body, so also are the faithful in Christ.(56) Also, in the building up of Christ’s Body various members and functions have their part to play. There is only one Spirit who, according to His own richness and the needs of the ministries, gives His different gifts for the welfare of the Church.(57) What has a special place among these gifts is the grace of the apostles to whose authority the Spirit Himself subjected even those who were endowed with charisms.(58) Giving the body unity through Himself and through His power and inner joining of the members, this same Spirit produces and urges love among the believers. From all this it follows that if one member endures anything, all the members co-endure it, and if one member is honored, all the members together rejoice.(59)
The Head of this Body is Christ. He is the image of the invisible God and in Him all things came into being. He is before all creatures and in Him all things hold together. He is the head of the Body which is the Church. He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in all things He might have the first place.(60) By the greatness of His power He rules the things in heaven and the things on earth, and with His all-surpassing perfection and way of acting He fills the whole body with the riches of His glory.
All the members ought to be molded in the likeness of Him, until Christ be formed in them.(62) For this reason we, who have been made to conform with Him, who have died with Him and risen with Him, are taken up into the mysteries of His life, until we will reign together with Him.(63) On earth, still as pilgrims in a strange land, tracing in trial and in oppression the paths He trod, we are made one with His sufferings like the body is one with the Head, suffering with Him, that with Him we may be glorified.(64)
From Him “the whole body, supplied and built up by joints and ligaments, attains a growth that is of God”.(65) He continually distributes in His body, that is, in the Church, gifts of ministries in which, by His own power, we serve each other unto salvation so that, carrying out the truth in love, we might through all things grow unto Him who is our Head.(66)
In order that we might be unceasingly renewed in Him,(67) He has shared with us His Spirit who, existing as one and the same being in the Head and in the members, gives life to, unifies and moves through the whole body. This He does in such a way that His work could be compared by the holy Fathers with the function which the principle of life, that is, the soul, fulfills in the human body.(8*)
Christ loves the Church as His bride, having become the model of a man loving his wife as his body;(68) the Church, indeed, is subject to its Head.(69) “Because in Him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily”,(70) He fills the Church, which is His body and His fullness, with His divine gifts (71) so that it may expand and reach all the fullness of God.(72)
8. Christ, the one Mediator, established and continually sustains here on earth His holy Church,
the community of faith, hope and charity, as an entity with visible delineation (9*) through which He communicated truth and grace to all. But, the society structured with hierarchical organs and the Mystical Body of Christ, are not to be considered as two realities, nor are the visible assembly and the spiritual community, nor the earthly Church and the Church enriched with heavenly things; rather they form one complex reality which coalesces from a divine and a human element.(10*) For this reason, by no weak analogy, it is compared to the mystery of the incarnate Word. As the assumed nature inseparably united to Him, serves the divine Word as a living organ of salvation, so, in a similar way, does the visible social structure of the Church serve the Spirit of Christ, who vivifies it, in the building up of the body.(73) (11*)
This is the one Church of Christ which in the Creed is professed as one, holy, catholic and apostolic, (12*) which our Saviour, after His Resurrection, commissioned Peter to shepherd,(74) and him and the other apostles to extend and direct with authority,(75) which He erected for all ages as “the pillar and mainstay of the truth”.(76)
This Church constituted and organized in the world as a society, subsists in the Catholic Church, which is governed by the successor of Peter and by the Bishops in communion with him,(13*) although many elements of sanctification and of truth are found outside of its visible structure. These elements, as gifts belonging to the Church of Christ, are forces impelling toward catholic unity.
Just as Christ carried out the work of redemption in poverty and persecution, so the Church is called to follow the same route that it might communicate the fruits of salvation to men. Christ Jesus, “though He was by nature God . . . emptied Himself, taking the nature of a slave”,(77) and “being rich, became poor”(78) for our sakes. Thus, the Church, although it needs human resources to carry out its mission, is not set up to seek earthly glory, but to proclaim, even by its own example, humility and self-sacrifice. Christ was sent by the Father “to bring good news to the poor, to heal the contrite of heart”,(79) “to seek and to save what was lost”.(80) Similarly, the Church encompasses with love all who are afflicted with human suffering and in the poor and afflicted sees the image of its poor and suffering Founder. It does all it can to relieve their need and in them it strives to serve Christ. While Christ, holy, innocent and undefiled (81) knew nothing of sin,(82) but came to expiate only the sins of the people,(83) the Church, embracing in its bosom sinners, at the same time holy and always in need of being purified, always follows the way of penance and renewal. The Church, “like a stranger in a foreign land, presses forward amid the persecutions of the world and the consolations of God”(14*), announcing the cross and death of the Lord until He comes.”(84) By the power of the risen Lord it is given strength that it might, in patience and in love, overcome its sorrows and its challenges, both within itself and from without, and that it might reveal to the world, faithfully though darkly, the mystery of its Lord until, in the end, it will be manifested in full light.
Notes Chapter 1: Scripture references for Chapter 1 follow as well as the Supplemental notes from Early Fathers, Church documents, and / PARADOSIS – APOSTOLIC TEACHING (Act2:42) as received from the Word made Flesh (Jn1:14)
1 Cf. (Mk. 16:15). “And he said to them: Go ye into the whole world, and preach the gospel to every creature.”
2 (Col. 1:15). “Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:”
3 (Rom. 8:29). “For whom he foreknew, he also predestined to be made conformable to the image of his Son; that he might be the firstborn amongst many brethren.”
4 Cf. (Eph. 1:4-5 and 10). “As he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and unspotted in his sight in charity. Who hath predestined us unto the adoption of children through Jesus Christ unto himself: according to the purpose of his will: In the dispensation of the fullness of times, to re-establish all things in Christ, that are in heaven and on earth, in him.”
5 Cf. (Jn.19:34).”But one of the soldiers with a spear opened his side, and immediately there came out blood and water.
6 (Jn.12:32). “And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all things to myself
7 (1Cor.5:7). “Purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new paste, as you are unleavened. For Christ our pasch is sacrificed
8 Cf. (1Cor.10:17). “For we, being many, are one bread, one body, all that partake of one bread.”
9 Cf.(Jn.17:4). “I have glorified thee on the earth; I have finished the work which thou gave me to do.”
10 Cf(Eph.1:18). “The eyes of your heart enlightened, that you may know what the hope is of the glory of his inheritance in the saints.
11 Cf(Jn 4:14; 7:38-39). “The woman answered, and said: I have no husband. Jesus said to her: Thou hast said well, I have no husband:”; “He that believeth in me, as the scripture saith, Out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. Now this he said of the Spirit which they should receive, who believed in him: for as yet the Spirit was not given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.”
12 Cf.(Rom. 8:10-11). “And if Christ be in you, the body indeed is dead, because of sin; but the spirit liveth, because of justification And if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead, dwell in you; he that raised up Jesus Christ from the dead, shall quicken also your mortal bodies, because of his Spirit that dwells in you.”
13 Cf.(Cor. 3:16; 6:19). “Know you not, that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwell in you ?”; “Or know you not, that your members are the temple of the Holy Ghost, who is in you, whom you have from God; and you are not your own ?”
14 Cf.(Gal. 4:6);Rom. 8:15-16 and 26). “And because you are sons, God hath sent the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying: Abba, Father.”; “For you have not received the spirit of bondage again in fear; but you have received the spirit of adoption of sons, whereby we cry: Abba (Father). For the Spirit himself give testimony to our spirit, that we are the sons of God. , Likewise the Spirit also help our infirmity. For we know not what we should pray for as we ought; but the Spirit himself ask for us with unspeakable groanings.
15 Cf.(Jn.16:13). “But when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will teach you all truth. For he shall not speak of himself; but what things soever he shall hear, he shall speak; and the things that are to come, he shall shew you.
16 Cf.(Eph. 1:11-12);(1Cor.12:4);(Gal5:22). “In whom we also are called by lot, being predestined according to the purpose of him who work all things according to the counsel of his will. That we may be unto the praise of his glory, we who before hoped Christ:”; “Now there are diversities of graces, but the same Spirit;”; “I would they were even cut off, who trouble you.”
17 (Rev. 22:17). “And the spirit and the bride say: Come. And he that hear, let him say: Come. And he that thirst,let him come: and he that will, let him take the water of life, freely.
18.(Mk. 1:15);cf.(Mt. 4:17). “And saying: The time is accomplished, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent, and believe the gospel.”; “From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say: Do penance, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”
19.(Mk. 4:14). “He that sow, sow the word.”
20(Lk. 12:32). “Fear not, little flock, for it hath pleased your Father to give you a kingdom.”
21 Cf.(Mk. 4:26-29). “And he said: So is the kingdom of God, as if a man should cast seed into the earth, And should sleep, and rise, night and day, and the seed should spring, and grow up whilst he know not. For the earth of itself bring forth fruit, first the blade, then the ear, afterwards the full corn in the ear. And when the fruit is brought forth, immediately he put in the sickle, because the harvest is come.”
22(Lk.11:20);cf. Mt.12:28). “But if I by the finger of God cast out devils; doubtless the kingdom of God is come upon you.”; “But if I by the Spirit of God cast out devils, then is the kingdom of God come upon you.”
23(Mk. 10:45).”For the Son of man also is not come to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a redemption for many.”
24 Cf.(Acts 2:36);Heb. 5:6; 7:17-21). “Therefore let all the house of Israel know most certainly, that God hath made both Lord and Christ, this same Jesus, whom you have crucified. As he saith also in another place: Thou art a priest for ever, according to the order of Melchisedech. For he testifieth: Thou art a priest for ever, according to the order of Melchisedech. There is indeed a setting aside of the former commandment, because of the weakness and unprofitable thereof: (For the law brought nothing to perfection,) but a bringing in of a better hope, by which we draw nigh to God. And inasmuch as it is not without an oath, (for the others indeed were made priests without an oath; But this with an oath, by him that said unto him: The Lord hath sworn, and he will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever.)
25 Cf.(Acts 2:33). “Being exalted therefore by the right hand of God, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath poured forth this which you see and hear.”
26(Jn.10:1-10). AMEN, amen I say to you: He that enter not by the door into the sheepfold, but climb up another way, the same is a thief and a robber. But he that enter in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. To him the porter open; and the sheep hear his voice: and he call his own sheep by name, and lead them out. And when he hath let out his own sheep, he go before them: and the sheep follow him, because they know his voice. But a stranger they follow not, but fly from him, because they know not the voice of strangers. This proverb Jesus spoke to them. But they understood not what he spoke to them. Jesus therefore said to them again: Amen, amen I say to you, I am the door of the sheep. All others, as many as have come, are thieves and robbers: and the sheep heard them not. I am the door. By me, if any man enter in, he shall be saved: and he shall go in, and go out, and shall find pastures. The thief come not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy. I am come that they may have life, and may have it more abundantly.”
27 Cf.(Is. 40:11; Ex. 34:11ff). “He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather together the lambs with his arm, and shall take them up in his bosom, and he himself shall carry them that are with young.’; “Observe all things which this day I command thee: I myself will drive out before thy face the Amorrhite, and the Chanaanite, and the Hethite, and the Pherezite, and the Hevite, and the Jebusite.
28 Cf(Jn. 10:11);(1Pt. 5:4). “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd giveth his life for his sheep.”; “And when the prince of pastors shall appear, you shall receive a never fading crown of glory.”
29 Cf.(Jn.10:11-15). “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd give his life for his sheep. 12But the hireling, and he that is not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, see the wolf coming, and leave the sheep, and flee: and the wolf catch, and scatter the sheep: And the hireling flee, because he is a hireling: and he hath no care for the sheep. I am the good shepherd; and I know mine, and mine know me. As the Father know me, and I know the Father: and I lay down my life for my sheep
30(l Cor. 3:9). “For we are God’s coadjutors: you are God’s husbandry; you are God’s building.”
31 (Rom.11:13-26). “For I say to you, Gentiles: as long indeed as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I will honor my ministry, If, by any means, I may provoke to emulation them who are my flesh, and may save some of them. For if the loss of them be the reconciliation of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead? For if the first-fruit be holy, so is the lump also: and if the root be holy, so are the branches……For if thou were cut out of the wild olive tree, which is natural to thee; and, contrary to nature, were grafted into the good olive tree; how much more shall they that are the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree? For I would not have you ignorant, brethren, of this mystery, (lest you should be wise in your own conceits), that blindness in part has happened in Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles should come in. And so all Israel should be saved, as it is written: There shall come out of Sion, he that shall deliver, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob.”
32(Mt.21:33-43);cf.(Is.5:1 ff). “Hear ye another parable. There was a man an householder, who planted a vineyard, and made a hedge round about it, and dug in it a press, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen; and went into a strange country. And when the time of the fruits drew nigh, he sent his servants to the husbandmen that they might receive the fruits thereof. 35And the husbandmen laying hands on his servants, beat one, and killed another, and stoned another…..They say to him: He will bring those evil men to an evil end; and will let out his vineyard to other husbandmen, that shall render him the fruit in due season. Jesus saith to them: Have you never read in the Scriptures: The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner? By the Lord this has been done; and it is wonderful in our eyes. 43Therefore I say to you, that the kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and shall be given to a nation yielding the fruits thereof. ; “I WILL sing to my beloved the canticle of my cousin concerning his vineyard. My beloved had a vineyard on a hill in a fruitful place. “
33(Jn.15:1-5). “I AM the true vine; and my Father is the husbandman. Every branch in me, that bear not fruit, he will take away: and every one that bear fruit, he will purge it, that it may bring forth more fruit. Now you are clean by reason of the word, which I have spoken to you. Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abide in the vine, so neither can you, unless you abide in me. I am the vine; you the branches: he that abide in me, and I in him, the same bear much fruit: for without me you can do nothing.
34(1 Cor.3:9). “For we are God’s coadjutors: you are God’s husbandry; you are God’s building.”
35(Mt 21:42);cf.(Acts 4:11);(1Pt. 2:7);(Ps.117:22). “Jesus saith to them: Have you never read in the Scriptures: The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner? By the Lord this has been done; and it is wonderful in our eyes. This is the stone which was rejected by you the builders, which is become the head of the corner. To you therefore that believe, he is honor: but to them that believe not, the stone which the builders rejected, the same is made the head of the corner:; “The stone which the builders rejected; the same is become the head of the corner.”
36 Cf.(1Cor.3:11). “For other foundation no man can lay, but that which is laid; which is Christ Jesus.”
37(1Tim.3:15). “But if I tarry long, that thou may know how thou ought to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.”
38(Eph. 2:19-22). “Now therefore you are no more strangers and foreigners; but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and the domestics of God, Built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone: In whom all the building, being framed together, grow up into an holy temple in the Lord. In whom you also are built together into an habitation of God in the Spirit.”
39(Rev. 21:3). “ And I heard a great voice from the throne, saying: Behold the tabernacle of God with men, and he will dwell with them. And they shall be his people; and God himself with them shall be their God.”
40(1 Pt. 2:5). “Be you also as living stones built up, a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.”
41(Rev. 21:16). “And the city lie in a foursquare, and the length thereof is as great as the breadth: and he measured the city with the golden reed for twelve thousand furlongs, and the length and the height and the breadth thereof are equal.”
42(Gal. 4:26);cf.(Rev. 12:17). “But that Jerusalem, which is above, is free: which is our mother.”; “And the dragon was angry against the woman: and went to make war with the rest of her seed, who keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.”
43(Rev. 19:7; 21:2 and 9; 22:17). “ Let us be glad and rejoice, and give glory to him; for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath prepared herself.”; “And I John saw the holy city, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.”; “And the spirit and the bride say: Come. And he that hear, let him say: Come. And he that thirst, let him come: and he that will, let him take the water of life, freely.”
44(Eph. 5:26). “That he might sanctify it, cleansing it by the laver of water in the word of life:”
45(Eph. 5:29). “ For no man ever hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, as also Christ doth the church:”
46 Cf.(Eph. 5:24).“Therefore as the church is subject to Christ, so also let the wives be to their husbands in all things.
47 Cf.(Eph.3:19). “To know also the charity of Christ, which surpass all knowledge, that you may be filled unto all the fullness of God.”
48 Cf.(2 Cor. 5:6). “Therefore having always confidence, knowing that, while we are in the body, we are absent from the Lord”
49 Cf.(Col. 3:1-4). “Therefore, if you be risen with Christ, seek the things that are above; where Christ is sitting at the right hand of God: Mind the things that are above, not the things that are upon the earth. For you are dead; and your life is hid with Christ in God. When Christ shall appear, who is your life, then you also shall appear with him in glory.”
50 Cf.(Gal. 6:15);(2Cor. 5:17). “For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision avail any thing, nor uncircumcised, but a new creature.”; “If then any be in Christ a new creature, the old things are passed away, behold all things are made new.”
51(1 Cor. 12:13). “For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.”
52(Rom. 6:15). “What then? Shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid.”
53(1 Cor. 10:17). “For we, being many, are one bread, one body, all that partake of one bread.”
54 Cf.(1 Cor 12:27). “Now you are the body of Christ, and members of it.”
55(Rom. 12:5). “So we being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
56 Cf.(1 Cor. 12:12). “For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ.”
57 Cf.(1 Cor. 12.1-11). “NOW concerning spiritual things, my brethren, I would not have you ignorant. You know that when you were heathens, you went to dumb idols, according as you were led. Wherefore I give you to understand, that no man, speaking by the Spirit of God, saith Anathema to Jesus. And no man can say the Lord Jesus, but by the Holy Ghost. …To another, the working of miracles; to another, prophecy; to another, the discerning of spirits; to another, diverse kinds of tongues; to another, interpretation of speeches. 11But all these things one and the same Spirit work, dividing to every one according as he will.
58 Cf.(1 Cor. 14). “FOLLOW after charity, be zealous for spiritual gifts; but rather that you may prophesy. For he that speak in a tongue, speak not unto men, but unto God: for no man hear. Yet by the Spirit he speak mysteries…..37 “If any seem to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him know the things that I write to you, that they are the commandments of the Lord. But if any man know not, he shall not be known. Wherefore, brethren, be zealous to prophesy; and forbid not to speak with tongues. But let all things be done decently, and according to order.”
59 Cf.(l Cor. 12:26). “And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it; or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.”
60 Cf.(Col. 1:15-18). “Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: For in him were all things created in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones, or dominations, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him and in him. And he is before all, and by him all things consist. And he is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he may hold the primacy:
61 Cf.(Eph.1:18-23). “The eyes of your heart enlightened, that you may know what the hope is of the glory of his inheritance in the saints. And what is the exceeding greatness of his power towards us, who believe according to the operation of the might of his power, Which he wrought in Christ, raising him up from the dead, and setting him on his right hand in the heavenly places. Above all principality, and power, and virtue, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come. And he hath subjected all things under his feet, and hath made him head over all the church, Which is his body, and the fullness of him who is filled all in all.”
62 Cf.(Gal. 4:19). “My little children, of whom I am in labor again, until Christ be formed in you.”
63 Cf.(Phil. 3:21);(2Tim. 2:11);Eph. 2:6; Col. 2:12 etc. “Who will reform the body of our lowness, made like to the body of his glory, according to the operation whereby also he is able to subdue all things unto himself. A faithful saying: for if we be dead with him, we shall live also with him. And hath raised us up together, and hath made us sit together in the heavenly places, through Christ Jesus. And when I was come to Troas for the gospel of Christ, and a door was opened unto me in the Lord, etc.”
64 Cf.(Rom. 8:17). “And if sons, heirs also; heirs indeed of God, and joint heirs with Christ: yet so, if we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified with him.”
65(Col. 2:19). “And not holding the head, from which the whole body, by joints and bands, being supplied with nourishment and compacted, grow unto the increase of God.”
66 Cf.(Eph. 4:11-16); “And he gave some apostles, and some prophets, and other some evangelists, and other some pastors and doctors, For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ: Until we all meet into the unity of faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the age of the fullness of Christ;That henceforth we be no more children tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine by the wickedness of men, by cunning craftiness, by which they lie in wait to deceive But doing the truth in charity, we may in all things grow up in him who is the head, even Christ: From whom the whole body, being compacted and fitly joined together, by what every joint supply according to the operation in the measure of every part, make increase of the body, unto the edifying of itself in charity.”
67 Cf.(Eph. 4:23). “And be renewed in the spirit of your mind:”
68 Cf.(Eph. 5:25-28). “Husbands, love your wives, as Christ also loved the church, and delivered himself up for it: That he might sanctify it, cleansing it by the laver of water in the word of life: That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot or wrinkle, or any; such thing; but that it should be holy, and without blemish. So also ought men to love their wives as their own bodies. He that love his wife, love himself.
69 Ibid. 23-24. “Because the husband is the head of the wife, as Christ is the head of the church. He is the savior of his body. 24Therefore as the church is subject to Christ, so also let the wives be to their husbands in all things.”
70(Col. 2:9). “For in him dwell all the fullness of the Godhead corporeally;”
71 Cf.(Eph.1:22-23). “And he hath subjected all things under his feet, and hath made him head over all the church, Which is his body, and the fullness of him who is filled all in all.”
72 Cf.(Eph. 3:19). “To know also the charity of Christ, which surpass all knowledge, that you may be filled unto all the fullness of God.”
73 Cf.(Eph. 4:16). “From whom the whole body, being compacted and fitly joined together, by what every joint supply according to the operation in the measure of every part, make increase of the body, unto the edifying of itself in charity.
74(Jn. 21:17). “That disciple therefore whom Jesus loved, said to Peter: It is the Lord. Simon Peter, when he heard that it was the Lord, girt his coat about him, (for he was naked,) and cast himself into the sea.”
75 Cf.(Mt. 28:18, f). “And Jesus coming, spoke to them, saying: All power is given to me in heaven and in earth.”
76(1 Tim. 3:15). “But if I tarry long, that thou may know how thou ought to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.
77(Phil. 2:6). “Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:”
78(2 Cor. 8:9). “ For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that being rich he became poor, for your sakes; that through his poverty you might be rich.”
79(Lk. 4:18). “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me. Wherefore he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor, he hath sent me to heal the contrite of heart,”
80(Lk. 19:10). “For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.”
81(Heb. 7:26). “For it was fitting that we should have such a high priest, holy, innocent, undefiled, separated from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;”
82(2 Cor. 5:21). “Him, who knew no sin, he hath made sin for us, that we might be made the justice of God in him.”
83 Cf.(Heb. 2:17). “Wherefore it be hove him in all things to be made like unto his brethren, that he might become a merciful and faithful priest before God, that he might be a propitiation for the sins of the people.”
84 Cf.(1 Cor. 11:26). “For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.”
SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES (*) Chapter I
(1) Cfr. S. Cyprianus, Epist. 64, 4: PL 3, 1017. CSEL (Hartcl), III B p. 720. S. Hilarius Pict., In Mt 23, 6: PL 9, 1047. S. Augustinus, passim. S. Cyrillus Alex., Glaph in Gen. 2, 10: PG 69, 110 A.
(2) Cfr. S. Gregorius M., Hom in Evang. 19, 1: PL 76, 1154 B. S Augustinus, Serm. 341, 9, 11: PL 39, 1499 s. S. Io. Damascenus, Adv. Iconocl. 11: PG 96, 1357.
(3) Cfr. S. Irenaeus, adv. Haer, 111 24, 1: PG 7, 966 B; Harvey 2, 13i, ed. Sagnard, Sources Chr., p 398.
(4) S. Cyprianus, De Orat Dom. 23: PL 4, 5S3, Hartel, III A, p. 28S. S. Augustinus, Serm. 71, 20, 33: PL 38, 463 s. S. Io. Damascenus, Adv. Iconocl. 12: PG 96, 1358 D.
(5) Cfr. Origenes, In Matth. 16, 21: PG 13, 1443 C, Tertullianus Adv. Marc. 3, 7: PL 2, 357 C, CSEL 47, 3 p. 386. Pro documentis liturgicis, cfr. Sacramentarium Gregorianum: PL 78, 160 B.Vel C. Mohlberg, Liber Sactamentorum romanae ecclesiae, Romao 195O, p. 111, XC:.Deus, qui ex omni coaptacione sanctorum aeternum tibi condis habitaculum….. Hymnus Urbs Ierusalem beata in Breviario monastico, et Coclest urbs Ierusalem in Breviario Romano.
(6) Cfr. S. Thomas, Sumtna Theol. III, q. 62, a. 5, ad 1.
(7) Cfr. Pius XII, Litt. Encycl Mystici Corporis, 29 iun. 1943 AAS 35 (1943), p. 208.
(8) Cfr. Leo XIII, Epist. Encycl Divinum illud, 9 maii 1897: AAS 29 (1896-97) p. 6S0. Pius XII, Litt Encyl. Mystici Corporis, 1. c., pp 219-220; Denz. 2288 (3808).S. Augustinus, Serm. 268, 2: PL 38 232, ct alibi. S. Io. Chrysostomus n Eph. Hom. 9, 3: PG 62, 72. idymus Alex., Trin. 2, 1: PG 39 49 s. S. Thomas, In Col. 1, 18 cet. 5 ed. Marietti, II, n. 46-Sieut constituitur unum eorpus ex nitate animae, ita Ecelesia ex unil atc Spiritus…..
(9) Leo XIII, Litt. Encycl. Sapientiae christianae, 10 ian. 1890 AAS 22 (1889-90) p. 392. Id., Epist. Encycl. Satis cognitium, 29 iun. 1896; AAS 28 (1895-96) pp. 710 ct 724 ss. Pius XII, Litt. Eneyel. Mystici Corporis, 1. c., pp. 199-200.
(10) Cfr. Pius XII, Litt. Encycl. Mystici Corporis, 1. c., p. 221 ss. Id., Lin. Encycl. Humani genesis, 12 Aug. 1950: AAS 42 (1950) p. 571.
(11) Leo XIII, Epist. Encycl. Satis cognitum, 1. c., p. 713.
(12) Cfr. Symbolum Apostolicum: Denz. 6-9 (10-13); Symb. Nic.-Const.: Denz. 86 (150), coll. Prof. fidei Trid.: Denz. 994 et 999 (1862 et 1868).
(13) Dieitur. Saneta (catholica apostolica) Romana Ecelesia .: in Prof. fidei Trid., 1. c. et Concl. Vat. I, Sess. III, Const. dogm. de fide cath.: Denz. 1782 (3001).
(14) S. Augustinus, Civ. Dei, XVIII, 51, 2: PL 41, 614.