August 21, 2019

Theological Virtues : Faith Hope and Charity

Preface: CityofGod.blog will be posting on St Augustine’s teaching of these theological virtues in a handbook, he called The Enchiridion, on Faith, Hope and Charity. His teaching, he explains, is based on the Paul’s famous (1Cor13:13) narrative to the people in Corinth. Bishop Augustine covers the topics in his typical philosophic & theological mingling in 122 chapters (paragraphs).

Our Blessed Virgin in her rosary requests of St Dominic in 1883, or St Albert in biography dated 1140?; Mary asks us to pray for these very three theological virtues, relating to God. The other virtues are called Cardinal Virtues and relate to man.] Because, City themed intention is to share Orthodoxy, especially in St Augustine’s work, reading this over the Lenten Season seems “fitting”. Especially, for those of us that consider ourselves dedicated to the “Marian Cult”, as described in the Lumen Gentium # VIII posted a few days ago. Because millions of people “pray for these three virtues each day”, City believes a “tune up” acquiring knowledge on the subject that we are actually praying for is more than appropriate! As Fr. Ripperger states learning your faith is one of the best weapons against sin caused by demons. After all praying for virtues you don’t understand is not piety toward God. In this post then, is intended to update your foundation on these virtues. Modern Theologians of Vatican II are summarized here in (Catechism Catholic Church (CCC)) , along with Sacred Scriptures from the Douy Rhimes Latin Vulgate.

For decades, City prayed the Rosary on the first three beads following the Apostles Creed, asking for an increase in Faith, Hope and Charity. (NOT LOVE) Augustine’s work on this Topic is another Faith Forming Catholic Catechism, similar to the prior CityofGod posting of his work on the “Apostle Creed for Catechumens.” It should be a delight to deepen our faith with this great history and sound doctrine from a Saint, such as Augustine handbook on Faith, Hope, and Charity. Charity will be used as the language definitions clearly, respectfully is NOT from our modern usage of English, (charity translation equals love), we reserve for our God with our whole heart, mind, and being. Augustine’s handbook isolates (1Cor13:13). In the Latin Vulgate, Douay Rheims, w/ Haydock notes, this verse is: “And now there remain, Faith, Hope, and Charity, these three: but the greatest of these is Charity”. In fact the entire chapter13 is charity, Not love, commonly found in modern texts.

CHARITY: Our English language is the most precise of all languages.(125-150,000 words, all words have meaning) Below are the 2 definitions: I believe it is (important & charitable) in this land of BABEL, to bring the true and proper English usage, lets not confuse our neighbor in charity, with poor meanings in the Faith in God and our hope that is in us. (1Pet3:15)

CCC1813: … There are three (3) Theological virtues, faith, hope, and charity.(1Cor13:13)

The theological virtues are the foundations of Christian moral activity; they animate it and give it its special character…They are infused by God into the souls of the faithful to make them capable of acting as his children and of meriting eternal life.

CCC1814: Faith is the theological virtue by which we believe in God and believe in ALL that He has said and revealed to us, and that the Holy Church proposes for our belief, because he is truth itself. By faith man freely commits his entire self to God. For this reason the believer seeks to know and do God’s will.

FAITH:(CCC#26,142,146,156-59)

CCC#26: Faith is man’s response to God, who reveals himself and gives to man, at the same time bringing man a superabundant light as he searches for the ultimate meaning of his life.
Faith in God (CCC#178, 222-3) We must believe
in one but God: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.; Believing in God, the only One, and loving him with all our being has enormous consequences for our whole life. It means coming to know God’s greatness and majesty: “Behold God is great, and we know him not.”(Job36:26)”Therefore, we must “serve God first”. (St. Joan of Arc)

Faith in Scripture [Bible “DRB” Search Algorithms for Faith, Hope, and Charity (Love):]

(Acts3:16)And in the faith of his name, this man, whom you have seen and known, hath his name strengthened; and the faith which is by him, hath given this perfect soundness in the sight of you all. (Rom1:17) For the justice of God is revealed therein, from faith unto faith, as it is written: The just man live by faith. (Rom3:30) For it is one God, that justify circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith. (Rom14:23) But he that discern, if he eat, is condemned; because not of faith. For all that is not of faith is sin. (2Cor1:24) not because we exercise dominion over your faith: but we are helpers of your joy: for in faith you stand. (Gal3:9) Therefore they that are of faith, shall be blessed with faithful Abraham. (Gal3:23) But before the faith came, we were kept under the law shut up, unto that faith which was to be revealed. (1Tim1:19) Having faith and a good conscience, which some rejecting have made shipwreck concerning the faith. (2Tim1:5) Calling to mind that faith which is in thee unfeigned, which also dwelt first in thy grandmother Lois, and in thy mother Eunice, and I am certain that in thee also. (Heb11:4) By faith Abel offered to God a sacrifice exceeding that of Cain, by which he obtained a testimony that he was just, God giving testimony to his gifts; and by it he being dead yet speak. (Heb11:7) By faith Noe, having received an answer concerning those things which as yet were not seen, moved with fear, framed the ark for the saving of his house, by the which he condemned the world; and was instituted heir of the justice which is by faith. (Jas2:14) What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man say he hath faith, but hath not works? Shall faith be able to save him? (Jas2:18) But some man will say: Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without works; and I will shew thee, by works, my faith. (Jas2:22) See thou, that faith did co-operate with his works; and by works faith was made perfect?

HOPE:(1813,1817-21)

CCC#1817: Hope is the theological virtue by which we desire the kingdom of heaven and eternal life as our happiness, placing our trust in Christ ‘s promises and relying not on our own strength, but on the help of the grace of the Holy Spirit. “ Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without unwavering, for He who promised is faithful.(Heb10:23)(Tit3:6-7)

HOPE in Scripture [Bible “DRB” Search Algorithms for Faith, Hope, and Charity (Love):]

(Gen17:4-8;) And God said to him: I AM, and my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father, of many nations…. And I will establish my covenant between me and thee, and between thy seed after thee in their generations, by a perpetual covenant: to be a God to thee, and to thy seed after thee. And I will give to thee, and to thy seed, the land of thy sojournment, all the land of Chanaan for a perpetual possession, and I will be their God. (Gen 22:1-18) After these things, God tempted Abraham, and said to him: Abraham, Abraham. And he answered: “Here I am“. He said to him: “Take thy only begotten son Isaac, whom thou love,…. I will bless thee, and I will multiply thy seed as the stars of heaven, and as the sand that is by the seashore: thy seed shall possess the gates of their enemies. And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because thou hast obeyed my voice.”

(Mt7:21) “Not every one that saith to me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven: but he that doth the will of my Father who is in heaven, he shall enter into the kingdom of heaven;” (Mt10:22) And you shall be hated by all men for my name’s sake: but he that shall persevere unto the end, he shall be saved. (Rom4:18) Who against hope believed in hope; that he might be made the father of many nations, according to that which was said to him: So shall thy seed be. (Rom15:13) Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing; that you may abound in hope, and in the power of the Holy Ghost. (1Cor13:13) And now there remain faith, hope, and charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity. (Eph4:4) One body and one Spirit; as you are called in one hope of your calling. (Phil2:23) Him therefore I hope to send unto you immediately, so soon as I shall see how it will go with me. (Col1:15) Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: (1Tim1:1) Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the commandment of God our Savior, and of Christ Jesus our hope: (1Thes2:19) For what is our hope, or joy, or crown of glory? Are not you, in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming? (1Pet1:21) Who through him are faithful in God, who raised him up from the dead, and hath given him glory, that your faith and hope might be in God.

CHARITY: (736, 1822-29)

 CCC #1822: Charity is the theological virtue by which we love God above all things for his own sake, and our neighbor as ourselves for the love of God.

CCC#1823: Jesus makes Charity the new commandment, (Jn13:34) by loving his own “to the end”, (Jn13:1), he makes manifest the Father’s love which he receives. By loving on another, the disciples imitate the love of Jesus which they themselves receive (Jn15:9,12) [St Augustine discusses love of neighbor as thy self, as the standard of happiness. To lead them to God. Thus charity or love must bring the neighbor toward God. Also this requires charity to foster reciprocity.]

CCC #1825: … the Apostle Paul has given an incomparable depiction of charity. Charity is patient,and kind, is not envious (“jealous”) or boastful, is not arrogant, (“or rude”). Charity is not ambitious seeks not her own does (“not insist on its own way”); it is not provoked to anger (“irritable or resentful”),it does not think no inequity (“evil”),rejoice in truth (“at wrong”), but Charity bears all things, believes all things,hopes all things and endures all things.{ Variance vs. translations)

CCC #1829 Fruits of charity are joy, peace, and mercy; charity demands beneficence and fraternal correction; it is benevolence; it fosters reciprocity and remains disinterested and generous; it is friendship and communion: [ love is itself the fulfillment of all our works, there is the goal; that is why we run : we run toward it, and once we reach it, in it we shall find rest. [St Augustine is speaking of God, who is Love]

Our Lady Ascends the 7 steps Crowned w/ Virtues (Is11:2-3) Greek. Icon

And the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him: the spirit of wisdom, and of understanding, the spirit of counsel, and of fortitude, the spirit of knowledge, and of godliness.
And he shall be filled with the spirit of the fear of the Lord. He shall not judge according to the sight of the eyes, nor reprove according to the hearing of the ears.

CHARITY in Scripture [Bible “DRB” Search Algorithms for Faith, Hope, and Charity (Love):]

(Mt5:44) But I say to you, Love your enemies: do good to them that hate you: and pray for them that persecute and calumniate you: (Mt22:40) On these two commandments depend the whole law and the prophets. (Mk9:37), (Lk10:27-37), (Mt25:40, 45) Whosoever shall receive one such child as this in my name, receive me. And whosoever shall receive me, receive not me, but him that sent me. (Jn13:1, 34) BEFORE the festival day of the pasch, Jesus knowing that his hour was come, that he should pass out of this world to the Father: having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them unto the end. A new commandment I give unto you: That you love one another, as I have loved you, that you also love one another. (Jn15:9,12) As the Father hath loved me, I also have loved you. Abide in my love. This is my commandment, that you love one another, as I have loved you. (Jn15:9-10) As the Father hath loved me, I also have loved you. Abide in my love. If you keep my commandments, you shall abide in my love; as I also have kept my Father’s commandments, and do abide in his love. (1Jn4:19) By this hath the charity of God appeared towards us, because God hath sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we may live by him. (Rom5:10) For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son; much more, being reconciled, shall we be saved by his life. (Rom8:14) For whosoever are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. (1Cor13:1-8) IF I speak with the tongues of men, and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And if I should have prophecy and should know all mysteries, and all knowledge, and if I should have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. And if I should distribute all my goods to feed the poor, and if I should deliver my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profit me nothing. Charity is patient, is kind: charity envy not, dealt not perversely; is not puffed up; Is not ambitious, seek not her own, is not provoked to anger, think no evil; Rejoice not in iniquity, but rejoice with the truth;Bear all things, believes all things, hope all things, endure all things. Charity never fall away: whether prophecies shall be made void, or tongues shall cease, or knowledge shall be destroyed (1Cor13:13) And now there remain faith, hope, and charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity. (Gal5:22-23) But the fruit of the Spirit is, charity, joy, peace, patience, benignity, goodness, longanimity, Mildness, faith, modesty, continency, chastity. Against such there is no law. (Ps143:10) Who give salvation to kings: who hast redeemed thy servant David from the malicious sword: (Col3:14) In whom we have redemption through his blood, the remission of sins; (Is11:1-2) AND there shall come forth a rod out of the root of Jesse, and a flower shall rise up out of his root. And the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him: the spirit of wisdom, and of understanding, the spirit of counsel, and of fortitude, the spirit of knowledge, and of godliness.

As we approach our Lord’s Passion, the City is also mindful of our Church’s instruction to imitate Jesus and Mary as our models in faith. Jesus taught all the virtues on the Cross. Maria of Jesus of Agreda received instructions from our Mother of Sorrows, what she deemed, the Doctrine of the Cross. Our souls guide to ascending the steps of Virtue, is available on this blog, beginning Ash Wednesday. …CityofGod.blog.

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