1846 Doctrinal Catechism begins: Verbatium
Where does the Scripture mention the sacrament of extreme Unction?
A. In James, chap. v, 14—“Is any one sick among you, let him bring in the priests of the Church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord, and the prayer of faith shall save the sick man, and the Lord shall raise him up, and if he be in sins, they shall be forgiven him.”
Q. What do you conclude from these words?
A. That, according to Scripture, every Christian in danger of death should be anointed by the priests of the Church.
Q. What would you say to Protestant touching these words of St. James?
A. You boast, I would say, eternally about following the Scripture, to the letter, in every [pg 244.] thing; how is it, then, that you never anoint one of your sick, whilst you are aware that there is an express command in the Scripture to this effect?
Q. May not Protestants say, that this passage of St. James is to be understood of a miraculous unction, like that in St. Mark, chap. vi, 13—”And they cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick and healed them?”
A. No; this passage is rather a confirmation of our doctrine; for the Apostles, through the sacraments, often wrought miracles, as in the 19th chap. of the Acts, St. Paul works miracles through Confirmation. These miracles were not an essential part of the sacraments administered,—they were an extraordinary exhibition of God’s power to induce an unbelieving world to admit, not only the sacraments so miraculously established, but to admit also the truth of Christianity. When, however, the world was converted, these wonderful accompaniments of the sacraments were no longer necessary.
Q. Have you any other reply to make on this matter?
A. Yes; the words of St. James are so clear that it is impossible to explain them away. By those words, all priests are ordered to anoint, [pg. 245] from St. Mark this does not appear: 2dly, By the words of St. James all the sick are to he anointed, from St. Mark it is only clear that many were anointed: 3dly, This duty of anointing the sick is, by St. James, expressly confined to the priest;; whilst the gift of healing maladies and sicknesses, in St. Mark, is given to others, as well as to the pastors of the Church: Finally, the unction mentioned by St. James, is to produce the effect of saving by the remission of sin, which proves it evidently to be an institution of Jesus Christ; for only He, by a material mean, can produce such an effect. Now, such effects are not at all attributed to the unction mentioned by St. Mark.
Q. Does not the word Presbyter mean Elder in the above passage?
A. Certainly not in the Protestant sense. The pastors of the Church were, in the primitive ages, called Presbyters; because they were generally elderly men; such things as Kirk elders (anomalous beings, who are neither ecclesiastics nor laymen) were unknown in the Church, until Protestantism made its appearance. But what sets the matter at rest, is the circumstance, that the Apostles are called Presbyters in 1 Peter, v, 1; in 2 John, i, 1; and in 2 John, i, 1.
Q. Is Extreme Unction a sacrament? [pg. 246] …
A. Clearly; because it is a visible sign, which by Divine institution, confers invisible grace.
Q. What is the sensible sign?
A. The anointing with holy oil, accompanied by prayer—”Let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord.”—James, v.
Q. What is the invisible grace given?
A. The sanctifying grace of God, by which sin is washed away and forgiven; the actual grace of God, by which the soul is strengthened, and sometimes the restoration of the body to health, according to these words—”And the prayer of faith shall save the sick man, and the Lord shall raise him up, and if he be in sins, they shall be forgiven him.”
Q. How do you show that Christ instituted this sacrament?
A. Protestants must be very ignorant to ask this question. They believe St. James to be an inspired Apostle; and can they for a moment imagine, that such a man would even speak of a rite, by which man is to be saved, raised up, and forgiven his sins, unless as an Apostle, taught by the Redeemer himself, he had the express institution and authority of his Divine Master?
Q. Do the Fathers mention this sacrament in their writings? [pg. 247]..
A. St. Augustine, Serm. 215 de Temp., says: “As often as sickness happens, the sick man should receive the Eucharistical sacrament and then the unction of his body, in order to comply with the words of the Apostle James, v chap.—’Is any sick among you,’ ” &c. [see below City Commentary]
Q. Did the Church of England ever use this rite?
A. Yes; in the first Liturgy of Edward the Sixth, the use of Chrism and Extreme Unction is ordered. (See order for Visit. of Sick. page 114.)
City inserts commentary:Since Vatican II, this Sacrament has been referenced as “Healing of the Sick”. the name has changed and so has the PRAXIS!. Extreme Unction was often considered “last rites”, to be given along with confession and communion just prior to ones death. Today, these blessings have become more common place. We are encouraged to participate in this Sacrament, as often as monthly IF we need healings, or have chronic ailments. The Priest does this during the Liturgical services.
With all the Tinkering Vatican II did under the idea of returning to the ancient, this change in name and PRAXIS does appear to expand its use to “Charismatic” excess rather than follow the ancient or the Council, or the Catholic Catechism? See CCC1499-1525, 1526 references “If he has sinned his sins will be forgiven (Jas5:14-15).” (definitely a positive) City intends to discuss this Sacrament more fully outside the context of refuting Doctrinal Catechism 1846 of Protestant ERROR, in another essay, with St Augustine works “Speculum de Scripturâ” (an. 427); in P.L., XXXIV, 887-1040) and council statements” coming soon! We can only pray that our brothers and sisters in Christ are still demanding the sacrament as they approach death.
Daily indulgence: RACCOLTA pg.537..partial (300 days), (Pius X, Rescript in his own hand, Oct 26,1907; S.C. Ind., Dec 18, 1907; S.P. Apr 10, 1932). #669. “The faithful; who lovingly commend to Almighty God those who are in their last agony throughout the world, in order to obtain for them the grace of a happy death, may gain:“