The following is a continuation of the series on the Doctrinal Catechism developed, printed in 1846, designed to refute Heretics, with scripture and tradition the Catholic Church position on various and sundry complaints of the Novatories (aka Protestants). In Witnessing to these renegades, the same arguments are repeated over and over down the decades. That is City’s point in using 1846 document. neither the Church doctrine or the heretic’s complaints have changed. Thus the entire series is a great tool for Apologetics on constant truth.
- A DOCTRINAL CATECHISM;
- WHEREIN DIVERS POINTS OF
- CATHOLIC FAITH AND PRACTICE ASSAILED BY MODERN HERETICS
- ARE SUSTAINED BY AN APPEAL TO THE
- HOLY SCRIPTURES, THE TESTIMONY OF THE ANCIENT
- FATHERS, AND THE DICTATES OF REASON
BY THE R E V. S T E P H E N K E E N A N.
P. J. KENEDY AND
PUBLISHERS TO THE HOLY APOSTOLIC SEE
ON PICTURES OR IMAGES
Q. What is the use of Images?
A. They serve, in the first place, to adorn [pg. 273] the Church; secondly, to instruct the ignorant and, thirdly, to excite devotion.
Q. Do Catholics adore images?
A. No; Catholics adore God only.
Q. Do Catholics invoke images?
A. No Catholic ever thought of such a thing. Catholics neither hope for, nor ask succor or grace from them.
Q. What says the 25th Session of the Council of Trent?
A. That we honor pictures or images, not for any virtue these inanimate things possess, but on account of the originals which they represent. The honor is given to the original not to the picture; so that in uncovering the head, or kneeling before a picture of Jesus Christ, we honor and adore Jesus Christ himself.
Q. Does not the commandment forbid the making or the use of pictures or images?
A. No. It only forbids worshiping them as Gods. “Thou shalt not adore them nor serve them.”
Q. If the Scripture condemned as idolatry, the making or use of pictures or images, would not the Scripture contradict itself?
A. Yes; For in that case God himself would contradict his own command; and in fact order that idolatry which, in the commandment, he [pg. 274] had forbid—Exod. chap, xxv, 18: “God said to Moses, thou shalt make also two cherubims of beaten gold on the two sides of the oracle; let one cherub be on one side, and the other on the other.” See also 20, 21, 22 verses of same chapter.
Q. We see here the likenesses of heavenly: things made by the express command of God; did he anywhere order, in the same manner the likenesses of earthly things?
A. In the same Exodus, chap. xxviii, 33, he does so: “And beneath, at the feet of the same tunic, round about, thou shalt make as it were pomegranates of violet, and purple, and scarlet, twice dyed, with little bells set between.” See also 34, 35 verses; and 3 Kings, (1 Kings, Prot. Trans.,) chap, vii, 23, 24, 25, 29. Again, 3 Kings vi, 29; and 3 Kings x, 19. Read also Osee, (Hosea,) chap, iii, 4.
Q. Did God ever use an image for miraculous purposes?
A. Yes; in Num. xxi, 8,—And the Lord said to him, (Moses,) make a brazen serpent, and set it up for a sign; whoever being struck shall look on it, shall live;” and in verse 9 you will see the miraculous effect produced.
Q. You have said that pictures and images adorn the House of God, is it proper to adorn temples?[pg. 275]
A. Certainly. The Royal Prophet says, Psalm xxv, 8,—”I have loved, O Lord,: the beauty of thy house, and the place where thy glory dwells.” And in 2 Kings vii, 2, (Protes. 2 Sam.,) David is ashamed to dwell in a house of cedar, whilst the Ark of God is lodged within skins. See also Psalm cxxxi, 3, 4, 5. Catholics glory in the splendor of God’s house and the grandeur of his service; and in this they imitate the example of David and Solomon, (see opening of his temple,) rather than the niggardly parsimony of the traitor Judas; who wished to sell the box of precious ointment and give the price to the poor, and for which he received such a severe reprimand from Christ himself—John xii, 3, &c.
Q. Why do Protestants strip the House of God of every ornament, whilst they are so profusely liberal in the decoration of their own dwelling, and all their worldly monuments and public buildings?
A. It is because their religion is essentially that of this world. They flatter themselves that they may obtain heaven at the least possible expense. They give God’s glory to themselves and to their worldly heroes; and their ministers are too much engaged in providing for wives and families, to give themselves any trouble about or spend any of their incomes [pg. 276] in, the erection or decoration of splendid temples to the living God.
City Answer. In the Byzantine (thus Eastern Church, or aka Orthodox) the Church is presented as an image of Kingdom of God on Earth. Partaking in Heaven, a preparation for our coming home. Thus the Church gives glory to God by spending vast sums to adorn the earthly building to resemble the hope of heaven. While, in the Novatory, (aka protestant) building, the LDS stakes and the Islamic mosk are empty shells, more fitting for barnyard animals than heavenly hosts. Unfortunately many Churches today, have been Masonically dressed down to make visiting Heretics comfortable or new catechist “feel” at home?
Daily Indulgence: an indulgence partial (7yrs), Plenary on the usual conditions, provided that these devout prayers have been recited on all Fridays of the month. (S.C. Ind., Aug 4, 1837; S.P. Ap., Mar 10, 1933.)
#196. “On any Friday of any week, if the Our Father, Hail Mary and Glory Be are devoutly recited seven times before an image of our Lord Jesus Christ Crucified, the faithful may gain:”